Deadly Ebola Virus Continues To Spread
June 7, 2014
There is no available vaccine for the Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever that has been spreading across Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia since February. Over 200 people in these West African countries have succumbed to the deadly Ebola virus in the past few months.
There are several strains of the Ebola virus across sub-Saharan Africa. The Zaire Ebola strain is the most deadly with a ninety percent mortality rate. The strain that began with the outbreak in Guinea has a mortality rate of more than sixty-five percent, with over 300 cases reported and more than 200 dead.
Spotting the disease is sometimes difficult because Ebola’s symptoms mimic the symptoms of other diseases like malaria and cholera. The incubation period, or time between exposure and apparent symptoms, is anywhere from two days to three weeks; time during which the infected could unintentionally spread the virus. Symptoms include fever, pains, and headaches followed by nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting.
Bleeding can occur internally and through any open orifices. The World Health Organization lists the Ebola virus as a biosafety level four agent and the Center for Disease Control lists it as Category A bioterrorism agent. Ebola is deadly enough to be used in chemical warfare.