The Deadliest Volcano In the Planet Is Ready to Explode Again
The last time the deadliest volcano in the planet exploded it was 1815. It killed more than 71,000 people on the spot and it was responsible for a volcanic winter that caused the worst worldwide famine of the 19th century.
Now it may explode again.
Its name is Mount Tambora and it’s located in the island of Sumbawa, Indonesia. And while it wasn’t the most powerful volcano explosion in history, it’s the one that caused more direct and indirect deaths.
When it happened in April 1815, Sumbawa was obliterated. The caldera collapsed then, following some months of heavy activity. Most of the island’s population was killed and its vegetation was reduced to ashes. Some trees were uprooted and pushed into the sea along with ash, creating three-mile-long rafts. And tsunamis generated by the explosion affected islands nearby.
But its destructive power wasn’t just limited to that area. It affected the entire world. The volcano’s ash rose into a column that reached 140,000 feet (43 kilometers) high, right into the stratosphere. The heaviest particles eventually went down, but a stratospheric sulfate aerosol veil remained for years, dimming the sunlight everywhere. This disrupted the entire global climate in a big way, which started a chain of events that killed millions through the Northern Hemisphere.
Deadly volcanic winter