AFGHAN GOVERNMENT’S CRIME, CORRUPTION CREATES MORE TERRORISTS: BRITISH THINK-TANK
By NWV News writer Jim Kouri
March 21, 2011
The sidelining of justice by the Afghan government and its international backers is fueling the insurgency in Afghanistan and presents a serious strategic risk, claims a new report from a British international security think-tank.
The report which was published just ahead of President Barack Obama’s statement on the review of the US war strategy in Afghanistan, argues that any strategy to create long-term stability in Afghanistan must place justice at its core.
No Shortcut to Stability: Justice, Politics and Insurgency in Afghanistan documents how illegal land grabs, the “political marginalizing of tribal and factional rivals and arbitrary detention” have motivated Afghans to join or support the Taliban. Other factors — money, drugs and foreign interference — also drive the insurgency but case studies of Helmand, Kandahar and Badghis provinces demonstrate the central role of injustice in the growth of the insurgency.
The report shows how justice issues are also implicated in the insurgency’s spread outside its southern Pashtun base.
Carter and Clark found that the Afghan government continues to disregard accountability — passing an amnesty law for war criminals, issuing presidential pardons for well-connected drug smugglers, criminals and Taliban commanders and undermining key anti-corruption bodies and electoral monitoring bodies. The international response is almost invariably weak. Talks with the Taliban at the table, putting justice at the heart of policy is more crucial than ever.