Arab world on the BRINK of second wave of revolutions, warn experts

Monday, April 30, 2018
By Paul Martin

THE ARAB world faces a second wave of revolutions just eight years after the Arab Spring due to uncontrolled urbanisation, critical unemployment and financial pressures, according to experts.

Mon, Apr 30, 2018

Arab and Middle Eastern commentators said a second wave of revolts was “inevitable” as key socio-economic factors which spurred the revolutions between December 2010 and December 2012 still exist.

Mohamed Mahjoub Haroon, Professor of Social Science at the University of Khartoum, said: “Massive uncontrolled urbanisation, pressure on the job markets are, among other socio-economic factors, the leading causes behind greater expectations of the youth in the Arab societies.”

Mr Haroon noted uncontrolled urbanisation, economic stagnation and market forces were the three central socio-economic forces which caused the Arab Spring to spread across numerous countries in North Africa and the Middle East.

He added that as long as these factors continue to exist, so too will the divides within Arab nations and the desire among their citizens to seek political change.

Hmoud al-Olimat, a professor of sociology at the University of Qatar, agreed with Mr Haroon in his belief that socio-economic factors are pushing the Arab world in the direction of further unrest.

He noted unless social and political reforms are introduced in the region, the ruling powers will witness a new wave of revolutions and violence.

The professor also criticised conservative Arab monarchies which sought to consolidate their power following the previous revolts and further reverse progress in their countries.

He argued once citizens have witnessed change in these ultra-conservative states and have broken the barrier of fear, revolutions will become inevitable despite a pushback by counter-revolutionary forces.

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