Sunday, September 12, 2010
By Paul Martin

Erica Carle
September 5, 2010

Chamber of Commerce – Change Agent Since 1912

In the 1930s and 1940s the Chamber of Commerce blanket organizations went for planning in a big way. Control of supply and demand was seen as the answer to “problems” of unequal distribution. Unequal distribution was seen as the main cause of war. The quotes that follow are but a few examples of plans for change proposed by the U. S. and International Chambers of Commerce.

“America thus far has trusted to rugged individualism, but now that rugged individualism is selling below par, America is beginning to think more realistically. Men like John Dewey, Charles A. Beard, and Stuart Chase are spreading the idea of planning. Mr. Swope of the General Electric Company has widely publicized his plan to organize the various industries in national units under government supervision. According to Mr. Swope’s plan, industries employing over fifty men and failing to come into the plan within three years would be compelled to do so.

“The United States Chamber of Commerce has conducted a national referendum on a programme and, as a result, the Board of Directors has voted in favour of a national voluntary economic council. The Chamber would modify the anti-trust laws so as to legalise combinations that could control supply in relation to normal demand. Government tribunals are called for, with power to control production in certain natural resources, such as coal, oil, lumber, and copper. The plan also includes private and voluntary unemployment insurance. The plan of the Chamber of Commerce is interesting, as showing the growing recognition of the need for planning. Excepting the Russian system, the ‘New Deal’ is the world’s largest effort at planning.”[1]

In 1933 the U.S. Chamber of Commerce was a leading promoter toward restoring diplomatic relations with Russia:

“In November of 1933 when Maxim Litvinov, at Roosevelt’s invitation, arrived on the liner ‘United States’ for nine days of historic conferences, Watson (NOTE: Thomas J. Watson of IBM) welcomed the event . . .

“After an exchange of eleven letters and one memorandum between representatives of the U.S. and Soviet governments, signifying the restoration of diplomatic relations, Watson spoke at a farewell dinner for Litvinov at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York. On hand with the diplomats for the festivities were executives of the House of Morgan, the Chase National Bank, the Pennsylvania Railroad, and other converted titans of finance and industry. Acknowledging the fact that something less than national unanimity greeted the re-entry of Russia into America’s sphere of non-Communist influence, Watson urged every American to ‘refrain from making any criticism of the present form of government adopted by Russia.

The Rest…HERE

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